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MOST FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT USDA HOME LOANS
A USDA loan (also called a Rural Development Loan) is a government insured home loan that allows you purchase a home with NO Money Down. USDA Home Loans offer 100% financing to qualified buyers, and allow for all closing costs to be either paid for by the seller or financed into the loan. USDA offers some the lowest rates of any loan, and you will always have a fixed interest rate.Q: What is a USDA loan?A: A USDA loan is a loan program insured by the Federal Government (US Department of Agriculture) and is designed to help those families that desire to own a home in small communities or in rural areas.Q: What kind of credit do I need to have to qualify for a USDA loan? Can I qualify for a USDA loan with bad credit?A: Credit history must indicate a reasonable ability and willingness to meet obligations as they become due. The following are indications of unacceptable credit history and must be carefully investigated. If loan approved through GUS, the guidelines below are not required to be met.•More than one payment being more than 30 days late in the last 12 mos.•A foreclosure or bankruptcy in the past 36 months.•A judgment in the last 12 months.•Outstanding tax liens, mo matter what their age, that are currently delinquent.•Two or more rent payment paid 30 days or more past due.•Outstanding collection accounts, mo matter what their age, that are currently delinquent.•Previous RHS debt or non-RHS debt that resulted in a loss.•Any outstanding judgment obtained by the United States in a federal court (other than a tax lien).Q: How much do I have to put down for a USDA loan?: Loan terms include 100% financing, however there are closing costs associated with the loan. In most instances the seller can or will pay the part or all of the closing costs. When a seller will not pay the costs and the home appraises for more than the purchase price then the costs can be financed into the loan (not to exceed the appraised value). This means that technically a buyer can purchase a home with absolutely no money of their own.Q: Can I get cash back at Closing on a USDA loan?: The borrowers may not receive any cash back at closing, other than the documented amount representing costs paid in advance by the borrower from their personal funds (i.e., earnest money deposit, appraisal, credit report fees). Tax pro-rations may not be given to the borrowers in the form of cash back at closing. Any tax pro-rations resulting in cash back to the borrower must be applied as a principal reduction. The same applies to any excess funds remaining from seller paid concessions.Q: What areas are eligible for USDA loans?: Most rural areas qualify for USDA financing. There are however many areas just outside major metropolitan areas that will qualify as well. These outlying areas are still considered small communities.Q: Are co-borrowers allowed on a USDA loan?: Allowed. The maximum number of borrowers allowed on a single transaction is four. Income from all borrowers and non-borrowers occupying the subject property must be considered when calculating qualifying income.Q: How long after a bankruptcy can someone qualify for a USDA loan?: Generally bankruptcies are not allowed within the last 36 months.Q: Do I have to pay off collection accounts when qualifying for a USDA loan?: Applicants are expected to demonstrate a reasonable ability and willingness to meet obligations as they come due. It is the underwriter’s responsibility to determine what collection accounts, if any, should be paid in full by the applicant prior to or at closing, and based on the strength of the credit profile. Evidence of meaningful financial reserves and if the account(s) have the potential to affect the lien position or diminish the borrower’s equity must be considered. The underwriting decision must be fully documented on the underwriting analysis.Q: Are USDA Loans, or Rural Development Loans, only available for low income borrowers?: There are income limits for USDA Loan borrowers. However, these income limits are set to accommodate low-to-moderate income levels. These income limitations are based on family size, and vary by State and County. In most cases, applicants for the loans may have an income of up to 115% of the median income for the area. To find out what the Maximum USDA Loan income limits are for your area, contact the USDA Loan Agency, or fill out the contact form on this page.Q: What is the difference between a USDA Loan and a Rural Development Loan?: There is no difference between a USDA Loan and a Rural Development Loan. The terms can be used interchangeably. Both USDA Loans and Rural Development Loans refer to the government guaranteed loan program that lets you borrow up to 100% of your home’s value – Meaning no down payment is required. Benefits of these USDA Rural Development Loans include:•No Money Down•No Monthly Mortgage Insurance•All Closing Costs Included in Loan•Relaxed Underwriting Guidelines•NO Maximum Loan Amount•NO assets needed to qualify•Flexible Credit Guidelines•Competitive, Fixed Interest RatesQ: Who Is Eligible for a USDA Loan?: Any individual or family purchasing their primary residence in a qualifying rural area may be eligible for a USDA Home Loan. These qualifying areas are generally defined as being outside the city limits or consisting of a population of 20,000 people or less.USDA Loan Eligibility Guidelines To qualify for a USDA Loan, the prospective borrower must:•Show proper legal capacity to own property in the U.S.A•Meet or fall beneath the income limitations•Monthly housing costs must meet a specified percentage of gross monthly income•Credit history must indicate an ability to meet financial obligations•The borrower cannot currently own a home•Individuals must have insufficient resources to qualify for a conventional home mortgageQ: What is the maximum amount that I can borrow with a USDA Guaranteed Loan?: There is no set maximum amount for a USDA Rural Development Loan. However, the total amount a person can borrow depends on a number of factors, including:•Value of Home•Monthly Income•Debt to Income Ratio In most cases, the maximum amount available for a USDA Loan will be equal to 100% of the appraised value of the home. Because the eligibility requirements for a USDA Loan depend on a number of specific factors, including the county where the home is located, your current income and your credit history, it is important to work with a certified USDA Loan agent who understands your needs. For the answers to your questions, contact the USDA Loan Agency today.Q: What types of property can be purchased with USDA Home Loans?: When an individual or family is seeking a USDA Home Loan, the property must be used as the primary residence. A Rural Development Loan may be used in the purchasing of:•Condos•Planned unit developments•Manufactured homes•Single family residences•Other Factors to Consider When Seeking a USDA Home LoanBoth new and existing homes are eligible. In addition, there is no restriction placed on the design, size or layout of the home. The prospective property, however, must be declared as safe, sound and sanitary, meeting all the necessary building requirements in the area.Q: Are there any associated upfront costs with a USDA Loan?: The terms of your USDA Loan include 100% financing, with no required down payment. However, just like a traditional loan, there are associated closing costs.To cover the closing costs on your USDA Loan, you can choose to:•Pay all or part of the closing costs upfront•Roll the closing costs into the overall loan.Take note that only the difference between the agreed upon contract price and the appraised value of the home can be used to finance the closing costs when seeking a USDA Mortgage. In other words, your USDA Home loan will not cover more than the appraised value of the property.Q: What is PMI and Does My USDA Loan Require It?: PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. For traditional mortgages - the lender will require homebuyers who are financing more than 80 percent of their home’s appraised value to purchase PMI. In a basic sense, buyers who do not put down at least 20 percent are required to pay PMI on a traditional mortgage. The benefits of PMI for a traditional mortgage are two-fold:•It protects the lender in the event that the borrower defaults on the loan•It enable homebuyers to purchase property with less available cash USDA Loans Do Require a Small Amount of Mortgage InsuranceWhen seeking a USDA Home Loan, or Rural Development Home, a small mortgage insurance is required. The insurance is much less than other loans offered. For a USDA Loan the monthly mortgage insurance is 4%. With low monthly mortgage insurance costs, the overall monthly payments on these Rural Development loans are often lower when compared to a traditional loan.Q: What Kind of Loan is a USDA Loan?: USDA Loans are only offered as a fixed-rate mortgage. This means that the interest remains the same throughout the entire life of the loan. Unlike a variable rate loan, the monthly payments on a USDA Home loan will always remain the same, allowing for easier planning and budgeting. The interest rates on the loan are determined by market rates and can vary based on region or state. The payments can be spread out over a period of 33 years and typically are calculated based on a 30 year period, with payments being made on a monthly basis.Q: What is the loan process for a USDA Loan like?: The process involved with a USDA Loan, at least from the buyer’s perspective, is similar to that of a traditional mortgage or FHA mortgage. From the beginning application to the approval, the timeline can take somewhere from two weeks to 30 days.The major difference between a Rural Development or USDA loan and a traditional loan is that it must be approved by the state’s USDA representing office. For the borrower, however, this process goes virtually unnoticed, with the USDA agent taking care of most, if not all, of the necessary paperwork. After final approval by the state’s USDA office, which typically takes around two weeks, the borrower will be notified and the paperwork can be finalized.Q: What are some of the highlights of the USDA Home Loans Program?: Thinking about apply for one the government backed USDA Loans? The following are a few highlights of the USDA Guaranteed Rural Housing Loan Program: USDA Loan Value: Loans may be for up to 100 percent (102 percent if the guarantee fee is included in the loan) of appraised value or for the acquisition•Benefits: No down payment; Mortgages are 30-year fixed rate at market interest rates•Closing Costs and Legal Fees: Loans may include funds for closing costs, the guarantee fee, legal fees, title services, cost of establishing an escrow account and other prepaid items, if the appraised value is higher than sales price•Application Process: Home buyers make USDA Loan applications with participating lenders•Living Restrictions: Buyers must personally occupy the dwelling following the purchase•Loan Fees: For purchase loans, a one-time guarantee fee equal to 2.0 percent of the loan amount is charged to the lender. The charge for refinance loans is 0.5 percent. Typically, the lender passes on this expense to the borrower as a closing cost. After the one-time fee is paid, there is no recurring monthly expense charged for guaranteeing the loanNever assume that you do not qualify for a USDA Home Loan. Instead, contact the experts at 1st Florida Lending. Our certified loan agents will quickly identify your needs, and offer you the type of expert advice you deserve
1st Florida Lending Corp., a registered Mortgage Lender Orlando servicing all of Florida offering over 48 loans programs including Conventional Loans, Non-Conforming Loans, FHA Loans, VA Loans, USDA Loan, Self-Employed Loans, Bank Statement Loans, No-Doc Loans, Reverse Mortgage Loans, ITIN Loans, Rental Investment Loans, to name a few and specializing in Bank Statement Loans or “stated loans” requiring no Tax Return verification and much more. * No broker or lender fees are for FHA,VA, USDA and Conventional loan types Main Office: 2151 Consulate Dr. * Suite 8 * Orlando, FL., 32837 * Telephone (800) 655-1345 * (407) 300-2558 * Fax (877) 401-9955We are approved lenders for all Government Loans and registered with the Florida Office of Financial Regulation - # MLD106When Banks Say No ! We Say YES ! ® is a registered trademark owned by 1st Florida Lending Corp.